5 Common Eye Problems in humans

Eyes are the mirror of your soul. They reflect your thoughts, and dreams and when dreams turn into reality eyes are the first to realize them. So keeping your eyes healthy is a must to make it able to see your dreams turning into reality. But sometimes the vision becomes poor and creates problems. So keeping an eye on eye disorder is better.
 

Cataract and macular degeneration are the eye disorders that generally develop due to ageing. The production of unstable molecules known as free radicals increase with age, this could damage healthy cells. So cases of eye damage and disorders like cataract and macular degeneration increases with age.

 

Cataract

Read more: 5 Common Eye Problems in humans

In cataract the transparent eye lens yellows, hindering the passage of light rays through it making the vision hazy, cloudy, or blurry. The lens becomes completely opaque causing blindness if the patient does not get treated. Although cataract develops in older adults it can occur at any time of life. Smoking and diabetes can be made responsible for hastening the development of this disorder.

Diet rich in vitamin C and E and the carotenoid lutein may slow the progression of this disorder.

 

Macular degeneration

Another eye disorder macular degeneration is a gradual, painless, deterioration of the macula which is the tissue in the central portion of the retina. Blurring of the central vision is the first symptom of this disease. The cause of this disorder is not known. Recent studies suggest that a diet high in antioxidants may prevent or slow down the disorder.

Antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin may help in this disease. One can get lutein from food sources like corn, peas, broccoli, kale, Swiss chard, water cress, green leafy vegetables and egg yolk.

Zeaxanthin could be obtained from greens, red peppers, and corn. Taking diet high in saturated fats increases the risk of age related macular degeneration. Eating fish once in a week may reduce the risk.

 

Diabetic retinopathy

This disorder is found in diabetics. It is the infiltration of the retina with tiny ruptured blood vessels. Taking antioxidants, nutritious food and maintaining blood glucose level reduces the risk of diabetic retinopathy.

 

Night blindness

This deficiency disease caused by the deficiency of vitamin A is rare in western world but it still exists in many underdeveloped countries due to poor diet and less knowledge about the disease. In this disease the patient faces difficulty in seeing well in dim or insufficient light. The impaired ability of eyes to adapt to darkness leads to night blindness or poor night vision.

The causes may be vitamin A deficiency or inability to utilize it properly.

Beta-carotene which gets converted into vitamin A in body can be helpful. Sources of beta-carotene are dark yellow or orange fruits and vegetables such as carrots, sweet potatoes, apricots, papaya, and dark green leafy vegetables.

Organ meat, dairy products, fortified butter margarine are some good source of vitamin A.

 

Conjunctivitis

Commonly called pink eye refers to the inflammation of the thin transparent membrane covering the front of the eye. It spreads from person to person through direct contact. Due to this disease the eye ball and underside of the eye lid becomes inflamed. Proper treatment is necessary as this could be due to some viral infection or an allergic reaction.

To keep eye disorder away consume plenty of carrots, sweet potatoes, citrus fruits, broccoli, fatty fish and dairy products. Keeping sea food, poultry, meat, beans for zinc and leafy greens, corns, peas, pepper for leutin and zeaxanthin in your diet also improve your eye health and keep your eye healthy to make you see everything clearly.

Alzheimer’s Disease - Memory loss and cognitive changes

It is a basic human right to be loved and nurtured but mostly patients of Alzheimer’s disease are confined to a room in their houses. This neuro degenerative disorder associated with dementia could make anybody the victim. They could be anybody from your family, so before treating them with medicines they should be treated with love and care.

What is Alzheimer’s disease?

Read more: Alzheimer’s Disease -  Memory loss and cognitive changes

Alzheimer is the most common form of dementia.26 million people worldwide has this dementia. It is a serious brain disorder that affects patient’s daily life through memory loss and cognitive changes.

Who are vulnerable?

One in ten persons over 65 years of age and over half of those over 85 suffer from the disease. The disease can also occur in younger people in their thirties but less frequently.

Signs and symptoms

· Placing important things at odd places regularly, for example placing car keys in the fridge.

· Patient forgets name of family members and common objects.

· Patient forgets entire conversation frequently.

· Patient is often lost in familiar places.

· Managing check books and solving problems becomes tough for patient.

Causes

Causes of Alzheimer’s disease remain unknown but chromosomal and genetic factors may be responsible for some cases. Increased cases among persons having Down’s syndrome seem to support this theory. Hormonal factors and thyroid disorders have also been linked to this disease.

Is aluminum the culprit?

Although aluminum deposits have been found in the brain tissue of patients suffering from Alzheimer’s disease, studies have failed to prove that aluminum actually causes the disease. Some studies suggest that the metal may not cause the disease, its increased concentration in the Alzheimer’s brain worsen the condition.

Dietary help

 

· Some studies found that people 65 and older who had fish once in a week had a 60% lower risk of Alzheimer’s than those who did not eat fish.

· The role of folic acid is being studied by researchers. Leafy green vegetables, orange juice, liver, cooked beans, corn, asparagus, lentil, nuts, peas, enriched breads and cereals are some common sources of folic acid.

· Vitamin B6 and B12 are also found to help lower the risk.

· Vitamin B6sources are meat, fish poultry, whole grains, avocados bananas, potatoes and leafy greens.

· Vitamin B12 is found in lean meat, fish poultry and dairy products. You can say that what is good for your heart is good for the brain also.

· Low levels of DHA (an omega 3 fatty acid) have been linked to age related dementia, including Alzheimer’s disease. Fatty fishes such as salmon, mackerel, halibut and sardines are some sources of omega3fatty acids.

· Eggs, soybean and soy products should be taken to get lecithin and choline.

· Antioxidants may prevent the disease.

· Avoid alcohol

· Avoid taking antacid with aluminum.

· Avoid cooking in aluminum utensils.

Monitoring

In Alzheimer’s disease chemical and structural changes in the brain slowly destroy the ability to create, remember, learn, reason, and relate to others, hence proper care of patient should be taken. Food should be nutritional. The patient may forget to eat or eat only his favorite foods. They may need to be spoon fed if they have difficulty feeding themselves.

Keeping these things in mind accept a patient of Alzheimer’s disease and be a part of the crusade against this neurodegenerative disease.

Oral hygiene instructions – Brushing your teeth

All of us want to adopt a healthy life style and the first step is to keep your teeth and gums healthy. Oral health has been given importance because overall health is connected with oral health. The mouth is the window to the body.


Various diseases leave their first sign on your mouth and a dentist can easily spot it. Studies have successfully established a close link between poor oral hygiene and cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, osteoporosis and pregnancy related issues.Oral bacteria can contribute to clot formation in heart blood vessels leading to a heart attack.


People suffering from diabetes are more prone to gum diseases (periodontal disease) as diabetics are more susceptible to infections. So to control and prevent oral problems blood glucose level should be maintained at normal level.According to recent studies, bacteria found in throat and mouth can travel into lungs and cause infections and worsen lung condition.Periodontal disease can also affect women’s health especially during pregnancy. Higher risk of premature baby is found in them as periodontal disease triggers increased level of biological fluids.


People, especially women suffering from osteoporosis, characterized by decreased bone density and weakened bone can easily be detected by a dentist in early stage by spotting some typical signs such as loose teeth, severe gum disease and difficulty in speech or eating.

Dietary help for good oral health

Everyone knows that healthy diet is good for entire body but we cannot escape from starchy and sugary foods. At list limit you intake and brush after eating them to minimize bacterial growth that increases tooth decay. Consume lots of calcium containing food such as low fat dairy products, fortified soy and rice beverage, almonds and dark green leafy vegetables.


Vitamin D found in milk, fortified soy, fatty fish and moderate exposure to sun is required by us to absorb calcium, so keep these things in your diet. Consumption of calcium, fluoride as well as Intake of minerals such as phosphorus, magnesium and vitamin A is also helpful in building strong bones and teeth.Including apples in your diet help foster your dental health. Apples are called ‘natures tooth brush’ Because eating apples stimulate the gum, increases saliva flow, and reduce germ buildup.

4 Hygiene habits that can help in good oral health

  1. Brush your teeth twice daily placing the bristles at 45degree angle along your gum line for at least 3-5 minutes cleaning as much area as possible. Back of your mouth should also be cleaned as much as possible.

  2. People think that brushing twice their teeth make their oral health complete but remember teeth are just 25% of our mouth. Do not forget remaining 75%unclean. The unclean area would be a breeding ground for the germs. Cleaning mouth with essential oil based mouth wash reduces plaque by 70% and gum problems also get reduced by 36%.

  3. Little space between teeth is occupied by small food particles so floss regularly to keep them away.

  4. Regular visits to a dentist can reduce our teeth and gum problems. See dentist once in six month and get your teeth cleaned at least once in a year
    Teeth are an amazing balance of form and function. Majority of people suffering from oral problems such as bad breathe, tooth decay, and gum problems can easily control their problems by simply following above steps known as ideal oral care regime recommended by dentists.




    We know that a gentle smile can create magic and win battles so gift yourself a better smile and keep smiling.